Peruvian presidential election led by Pedro Castillo
[Lima, Peru]Left-wing Peruvian presidential candidate Pedro Castillo leads in a sample ballot for Sunday’s presidential election.
According to pollster Ipsos, pollster Ipsos said Castillo amid growing concerns over social unrest following an extremely polarized campaign among candidates at the edge of the Peruvian political spectrum. His right-wing opponent Keiko Fujimori has an approval rating of 49.8%, while his approval rating is 50.2%.
Peruvian electoral bodies did not announce any official results. According to political scientists, an example of a ballot called Quick Count has a 1 percentage point error.
According to an Ipsos exit poll, Fujimori’s approval rating was 50.3%, while Castillo’s was 49.7%.
Fujimori called on both sides to wait for the official results.
“I am very concerned about the unrest,” said Julio Karion, Peruvian political scientist at the University of Delaware.
Teachers’ union activist and leader of a Marxist-influenced political party, Castillo, led the polls in almost every race. He was slightly ahead. Mr. Fujimori was a former parliamentarian and leader of a right-wing party based on the ideals of former President Alberto Fujimori, father and dictator.
Both candidates said on Sunday they would respect the results of the vote.
The campaign confronted Peru’s richer coasts with the poor indigenous Andes during a pandemic. Over 180,000 deaths recorded, The highest per capita death rate in the world. Outraged by the government’s response to the pandemic, Peruvians ignored centrist candidates in the first vote in April as the economy shrank 11% and hunger soared, leaving two presidential candidates on the far right and to the far left of national politics. ..
Lima political analyst and columnist Cesar Hildebrand fears Peruvian democracy will continue, regardless of who wins. “We are faced with a terrifying dilemma,” he said. .. “The choice is an abyss or a cliff. Which one do you want?”
Many say the campaign sparked a tumultuous response from Peru in the 1980s and early 1990s. Around this time, anger in politics led to the rise of populist foreigner Fujimori.
Her 46-year-old daughter is now part of an unpopular organization, but her rival, Castillo, is an outsider backed by public discontent with the current economic crisis and deadly pandemic.
But many say she votes because she is afraid of the leader of the Marxist-influenced party Castillo, who got just 15%. First ballot With 17 other candidates. Castillo worried the business community and many middle classes about the nationalization, the closing of the Supreme Court and the closing of Congress to draft a new constitution.
The rise of Castillo, 51, comes as South America is rocked by poverty and hunger exacerbated by a pandemic. In Colombia, the government has deployed troops to suppress Deadly anti-government protest. Chileans Elected a left-wing parliament and rocked the regime Rewrite the constitution.
For many Peruvians, flaws in their socio-economic model have been exposed during the pandemic, with 3.2 million people in the country and 3 million in poverty, according to a government death audit released on Monday. Three times more people have died than originally thought.
Peru’s free market policy has fostered one of the highest growth rates in Latin America since 2003, reducing poverty from 58% to around 20% in 2019, but not pandemic public hospitals. We have not been able to strengthen many areas, in particular.
“The state has not been able to turn economic growth into quality public services,” said Oswald Molina, executive director of the Redes think tank in Lima.
Castillo, a party praising Fidel Castro and Vladimir Lenin, has proposed abandoning the free market model that relies on investment and trade between the United States and China. It bans imports and bans gas projects. I promised to nationalize it. He accuses the multinationals of plundering copper and oil from Peru, saying “we will regain our wealth”. He also promises to expel Venezuelan asylum seekers.
He has since withdrawn proposals such as closing the Supreme Court to get the votes needed in the densely populated city of Lima, and said he would respect the press.
He found followers like housewife Luisa Acosta (57) far from Lima’s glittering beachfront apartments and stylish restaurants that symbolized the rise of Peru. Acosta grew economically. Said it did not lead to an improvement in life.
In her poor neighborhood on the outskirts of Lima, she said education was on the rise as most children did not have access to the internet or laptops to study at home during the pandemic. Admission to a public hospital is like a death sentence, Acosta says.
When her husband was infected with the coronavirus in January, the family chose to give him guinea pig soup, the Andean staple, and keep it at home. He recovered, but not enough to return to work as a farm laborer.
Acosta said, “God will be happy to make a difference. “Millionaires live our poor lives. They get more and more. What about us?
In contrast, tech entrepreneur Gonzalo Vegazo, 47, backs Fujimori. He was optimistic about Peru’s business environment when he quit his job at Google in Silicon Valley in 2012 and founded messaging company Chazki. After that, it has 200 employees and 7,000 drivers. 4 Expanded to one country.
Now, as Peru’s single currency has fallen to historically low levels due to political uncertainty, it has converted its savings to dollars. He said he feared Castillo would be seized with his personal pension plan.
“It’s really scary,” Vegazo said. “It’s hard to imagine what would happen to us if Castillo were at the top.”
Despite concerns about his commitment to democracy, Fujimori says he will maintain a model suited to Peruvian business while increasing public spending. He supports Fujimori. “I support the economic model which has led to 20 years of development,” he said.
But Mr. Fujimori’s rise worries other Peruvians, including those who fought against his father’s decade of rule. For the past five years, it has been a parliamentary faction. Bring. Exile two presidents Because political scientists say they are undemocratic.
Until 2020, Mr. Fujimori was jailed on suspicion of leading a criminal organization that had laundered money in a previous political movement. In public speeches and in the press, Fujimori declares that he is innocent.
She also said she would forgive her father, who, if elected, had been convicted of corruption and sentenced to 25 years in prison after approving the death squad of a paramilitary organization.
Castillo also casts a shadow over his past. He had to push back accusations of connecting with violent groups. In 2017, Castillo led a general strike of the Teachers Union. Officials said the strike was comprised of members of the Shining Pass branch. He denies any connection with the group.
Fujimori’s campaign exposed these relationships after the massacre of 16 people, including children, in a remote jungle valley last month, which the military attributed to a divided group in the Shining Pass. Castillo accused the murder.
Some political scientists say his professional trajectory reflects political pragmatism, and he was once a member of a centrist party, cooperating at one point with Mr. Fujimori’s party. I even reported it.
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Mario Vargas Llosa, Nobel Prize-winning writer and longtime critic of Latin American powers left and right, backed his former opponent, Fujimori.
“If Castillo is elected, we will not be able to hold further free elections,” said Vargas Ryosa, who lost to Fujimori in the 1990 presidential election.
Economist Pedro Franke, a member of the Castillo campaign, said Castillo would retire after his five-year term and noted the candidate’s comment that he would return to teaching at a local school. Castillo also said Fujimori. I also swore to respect the Constitution.
Fujimori even begged voters to forgive him due to the recent political turmoil. “Please give me the opportunity to justify myself,” she said.
Meanwhile, Castillo stresses that the government will support the poor. “Our priorities will be forgotten,” he told his supporters.
Correction and amplification
Pedro Castillo played against 17 other candidates in the first round of voting. Earlier versions of this article incorrectly stated that they were facing 16 candidates. (Corrected June 6)
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